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Wednesday, October 3, 2012

Know Your Kidney




Kidney Stone


Kidney stone is a stone in the kidney (or lower down in the urinary tract).

Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine and pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. Kidney stones occur in 1 in 20 people at some time in their life.

The development of the stones is related to decreased urine volume or increased excretion of stone-forming components such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate. The stones form in the urine collecting area (the pelvis) of the kidney and may range in size from tiny to staghorn stones the size of the renal pelvis itself.

The cystine stones (below) compared in size to a quarter (a U.S. $0.25 coin) were obtained from the kidney of a young woman by percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PNL), a procedure for crushing and removing the dense stubborn stones characteristic of cystinuria.

The pain with kidney stones is usually of sudden onset, very severe and colicky (intermittent), not improved by changes in position, radiating from the back, down the flank, and into the groin. Nausea and vomiting are common.

Factors predisposing to kidney stones include recent reduction in fluid intake, increased exercise with dehydration, medications that cause hyperuricemia (high uric acid) and a history of gout.

Treatment includes relief of pain, hydration and, if there is concurrent urinary infection, antibiotics.

The majority of stones pass spontaneously within 48 hours. However, some stones may not. There are several factors which influence the ability to pass a stone. These include the size of the person, prior stone passage, prostate enlargement, pregnancy, and the size of the stone. A 4 mm stone has an 80% chance of passage while a 5 mm stone has a 20% chance. If a stone does not pass, certain procedures (usually by a urology specialist doctor) may be needed.

The process of stone formation is called nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis. "Nephrolithiasis" is derived from the Greek nephros- (kidney) lithos (stone) = kidney stone "Urolithiasis" is from the French word "urine" which, in turn, stems from the Latin "urina" and the Greek "ouron" meaning urine = urine stone. The stones themselves are also called renal caluli. The word "calculus" (plural: calculi) is the Latin word for pebble.

source: medicineNet.com

36 comments:

Pengobatan herbal untuk wasir said...

nice post,,,,,,,,

cara mudah menjadi agen ace maxs said...

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Obat jantung herbal said...

thanks

obat migrain said...

thanks

Pengobatan herbal tbc said...

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Pengobatan herbal wasir said...

makasih pamans

StellaClaire-Richard said...

Thanks for sharing this. My cousin once suffer this

obat penyakit jantung said...

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Obat asam urat said...

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Pengobatan herbal untuk darah tinggi said...

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pengobatan batu ginjal said...

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obat kencing manis said...

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obat penyakit jantung said...

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obat herbal asam urat said...

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Obat jantung said...

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Anonymous said...

bismillahirrohmanirrohiim
assalamu'alaikum warohmatullohi wabarokatuh
Rasulullah bersabda yang artinya : "Makanlah buah zaitun dan pakailah minyaknya karena ia berasal dari pohon yang diberkahi." (Sunan At Tirmidzi 7/44, Shahih)
info dan pemesanan minyak zaitun, silahkan menghubungi ym : berkah.sunnah
kami tidak hanya berdagang tetapi juga berdakwah
wassalamu'alaikum warohmatullohi wabarokatuh
alhamdulillahi robbil'alamiin.

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obat herbal untuk asam urat said...

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Obat asam urat said...

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Bayz96 said...

Bayz96

Bayz96

Cara mengobati kanker kelenjar getah bening said...

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Obat asam urat said...

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Obat kencing Manis said...

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Obat rematik said...

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Cara Menjadi Agen Tricajus said...

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Obat darah tinggi said...

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